Friday, 21 July 2017

Navdurga: Nine Forms of Goddess Durga with Stories


Navdurga: Nine Forms of Goddess Durga

Nine forms of Maa Durga is worshiped in the time of Dasara. Every Avatar of Goddesses Durga has its importance and significance. Like Trinity of Hinduism, Durga is considering as one of the main forms of the Goddess Shakti. Durga is Adi-Parashakti herself. Some believes that the Adi-Parashakti is the creator of Trinity of Hinduism (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) and the creator of Universe.
There is a history behind the Nine Avatars of Durga Maa. Those who do not aware of the story just follow this article and who know about the story just correct us if we are wrong through comments.
Navadurga avatars resemble the victory of good over evil. Trimurti always there to help the innocent and good people over evil, but this time they create Goddesses Durga to kill the dangerous demon Mahishasura to protect the gods and humans. Mahishasura is a demon with a head of buffalo (Mahi means Buffalo) wants to take over the three worlds and planning to destroy the trinity. Hence he performs the great penance to Lord Brahma for years. Brahma appeared infront of him due to his penance and asks him for boon, then immediately Mahishasura ask him that no man in the universe will kill him. Brahma granted his wish.
Mahishasura declare war against devas and try to defeat the trimurti. Even Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva can’t destroy the devil because the death of the rakshas is only in the hands of a woman. So, they then create Durga Maa (the power) to save the earth from this asura and freed the living beings from his despotism. All gods give their weapons to Durga maa who is getting ready for the battle with the Mahishasur with her 18 hands. Vishnu give his Sudarshana Chakra, Shiva give his Trisul and Lord Indra his Vagra Ayudam. Durga with her weapon and her vehicle lion went to battle with Mahishasura. The daemon battle with Durga with his 1 lakh army, the Maa’s lion killed all the army of asura. The fought with him for nine days and on 10th day she got victory over the devil. So, on that day people celebrate Vijaya Dasami. Some tales says that Durga take nine forms on each day to fought with Mahishasur.

Shailaputri

Shailaputri

Shailaputri is the first form of goddesses Durga. She is worshiped on first day of Dasara. She is the daughter of Himavanth (Himalayas) and Menaka Devi. Shaila means Mountain and Putri means daughter.
Goddesses Sati, who is the consort of Lord Shiva, is the daughter of Daksha. Daksha don’t want her daughter Sati to married to Lord Shiva. But, Sati go against his wish and marry Lord Shiva. One day Daksha is doing Daksha yagna and invites everyone except Shiva and Sati, but Sati went to Daksha Yagna because she thought formalities are not necessary between family, but her father insult her and her husband in Daksha yagna. She can’t tolerate the insult and sacrifice her life with her yogic powers or yogic agni. Later Sati born as Parvathi to Himavanth and Menaka Devi. The first day of Dussehra is celebrated in the name of Shailaputri. The goddess rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her hand.

Brahmacharini

Brahmacharini

Brahmacharini is the second avatar of Durag Maa, the word “Brahma” means tapasya. The goddess holds a Japa mala (rosary) in her right hand and a Kamandalam (water pot) in her left hand.
Parvathy from her childhood decided to do penance in order to reach Shiva. Due to the advice of Narada Muni goddess Brahmacharini did penance to reach lord Shiva. She is worshipped on the second day of Dasara.
Those who worship the divine mother, the goddess will grant wisdom and knowledge to them. Brahmacharini is the Goddesses of Sacred Study.

Chandraganta

Chandraganta

Chandraganta is the third form of the mother and worshipped on the third day of Navaratri. She has half moon in her forehead in the shape of a “Ghanta” which means bell. Chandraganta has three eyes and ten hands and hold weapons in her hands. The third eye of Chandraganta is always open to protect the universe. This form of Durga maa is always ready to enter into battle, Chandraganta is very peaceful and auspicious avatar in Navdurga. She carries various weapons such as Kadga (sword of wisdom), baan (arrow), Trisul (Trident) and Lotus. Those who worship this goddess will be freed from all the sins and obstacles. The goddess is the symbol of braveness, while worshipping this goddesses you will get the braveness.

Kushmanda

Kushmanda

Kushmanda, the creator of Universe. She is the fourth form of Nav Durga and worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri. Ku means a little, Ushma means warmth and anda means the cosmic egg. The goddess has eight arms and holds weapons in her hands and rides a lion. With her grace even a stupid can turn into a genius. The universe is full of dark and void until her light spread in all directions of universe like rays from the sun.

Skandamata

Skandamata

The Fifth form of Durga maa is Skandamata, she is worshipped on fifth day of Navaratri. She is the mother of Karthikeya, who is the son of Parvathi and Lord Shiva. Karthikeya, who is also called Skanda. Karthikeya is the only way to kill the asuras called Tarakasur and Surapadma, because those daemons have the boon of being killed only by Lord Shiva’s Son. Karthikeya later kill those asuras. Karthikeya is born with six faces and hence the name Shanmuga or Shadanan is given to him. The mother of Skanda is called Skandamata. She is accompanied by the Skanda in his infant form.
Skandamata has four arms and three eyes and holds Skanda in her right upper arm. She has a bright complexion and those who worshipped this goddess will be freed from ignorance.

Katyayani

Katyayani

Katyayani, who is worshipped on the sixth day of Dasara and she is the sixth form of Mother Durga. She is the daughter of sage Katyayana, who incarnated to help the Devas. Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva visits Katayayana ashram for seeking help to kill the Mahishasura. All gods transfer their energy to form Goddess Durga. This happened on 14th day of the dark fortnight of the month of Ashwin. So, she was called as Katyayani. The Sage worshipped her on 7th, 8th and 9th days of the bright fortnight of the month of Ashwin. On 10th day the goddess kills Mahishasura. The Goddess will grant wealth, health, darma, kama and moksha to her devotees.

Kalaratri

Kalaraatri

Kalaratri, the seventh form of Mother Durga and she worshipped on the Seventh day of Navratri. Kalaraatri means the Dark Night; she has dark complexion, fearlessness posture and dishevelled hair. Her vehicle is donkey. Kalaratri is also called as “Bhayankari”. This goddess protect her devotes from fear of ghosts, snakes, spirits, fire, floods and dangerous animals.

Maha Gauri


Maha Gauri

Maha Gauri is the eight form of Durga Maa and worshipped on the eight day of Dasara. When Lord Shiva and Parvati are having a conversation, Shiva called her Kaalike because Parvati was dark colored. The enraged Parvathi create fire and burn her skin and changed into White color. Therefore, her name is called Maha Gauri. And there is another tale that says, Parvati did penance and Mahadev was pleased with her tapasya and showered Ganga water upon her and her skin turned into White. Her vehicle is bull and she holds trishul in her lower right hand and shows mudra bestowing boons in her upper right hand. Mahagauri destroys confusion, sorrows, sufferings and poverty from the people who worships her.  

Siddhidatri

Siddhidaatri


The Final form of Mother Durga is Siddhidatri and she is worshipped on ninth day of Navratri. She grants Siddi (perfection) to her devotees. The goddess has four arms and always in a blissful happy enchanting pose. In Bhagvata Purana, it is mentioned that Lord Shiva gain Siddi by worshipping her, and because of her grace he got Ardhanarishwara form. Siddhidatri’s vehicle is a lion. The goddess holds a lotus in her upper left hand and a conch in her lower left hand. Devotees who worshipped Siddhidatri will be blessed with wealth and health and the goddess grants all the desires both in this world and the other world. 

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